Seed Treatments in Cotton: 2019

Angus Catchot, Extension Entomologist
By Angus Catchot, Extension Entomologist, Jeff Gore, Research and Extension Entomologist and Don Cook, Research Entomologist March 15, 2019 08:28

Seed Treatments in Cotton: 2019

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(UPDATED ARTICLE FROM 2018)

Over the years many have questioned whether the use of a seed treatment is considered IPM because they are used prior to the onset of a problem. In our area, and across most of the cotton belt, thrips are considered the number one pest of seedling cotton. Tobacco thrips are the species encountered more than 90% of the time in Mississippi. The probability of having a thrips infestation in cotton is 100%. Therefore, preventative use of seed treatments is a standard practice and is very appropriate. Data from more than 35 trials in Mississippi shows a 115 lbs. lint yield advantage when thrips are controlled with a seed treatment.

Thrips management is very limited with the only options being a preventative seed treatment or foliar rescue application of Bidrin, Orthene, Dimethoate, or Radiant, and recently labeled Intrepid Edge.

Currently, there are only two seed treatment options: neonics and acephate. Commonly used neonics include thiamethoxam (Cruiser, Avicta, etc.) or imidacloprid (Gaucho, Aeris, etc.) either alone or in combination with a nematicide. In 2011, we began observing reduced tobacco thrips control with the active ingredient thiamethoxam against tobacco thrips. Since that time, resistance in tobacco thrips to thiamethoxam has been confirmed through laboratory bioassays. As a result, we have switched over almost exclusively to imidacloprid based products. Many have wondered how long this product will hold up given that it is in the same class of chemistry as thiamethoxam. In 2015, we began to see a decline in efficacy with imidacloprid in select trials. While this phenomenon was not extremely widespread, it did get our attention. Laboratory bioassays suggest that we could potentially be seeing the beginning stages of imidacloprid tolerance or resistance with tobacco thrips as well. It is important to remember that with both thiamethoxam and imidacloprid seed treatments, this only applies to tobacco thrips. This in effect, makes it only a cotton problem and would not transfer over to soybeans or corn.

An additional option the last couple years in MS is the generic aldicarb, AgLogic. We have tested this product extensively the last couple years and it looks very good. This option is being utilized by more and more producers every year, especially those with nematodes.

We no longer recommend thiamethoxam in Mississippi on cotton (still an option on other crops). Aeris treated seed is our first option but this is only available by special order which can be applied downstream this year. Although Aeris contains imidacloprid, the thiodicarb component (used for nematodes) also has thrips activity and it has performed well even where imidacloprid has not. If Aeris is not an option, I would strongly consider having your dealer overtreat your imidacloprid treated seed with acephate (6.4 oz/cwt). We have been looking at this option for a number of years and it has looked good. Acephate alone controls thrips but the residual is much shorter and the likelihood of follow up foliar applications is high so we only recommend this in combination of imidacloprid. One consideration with overtreating seed with acephate is that YOU CANNOT RETURN IT (Some exceptions, depending on company). Additionally, if you are set up to spray in-furrow, acephate at .75 – 1 lb/acre is a very good option in addition to an imidacloprid seed treatment but not in place of. Finally, you have foliar rescue treatments as an option. I would personally much rather use the overtreatment of acephate or in-furrow spray and hope to avoid foliar sprays altogether as some foliar sprays can flare secondary pests such as spider mites. Incidence of these secondary pests often require further sprays which can be expensive. The best foliar insecticide application timing for thrips control is the 1-2 leaf cotton stage for maximum economic returns.

CHECK TANK MIX WEBSITES FOR DICAMBA PRODUCTS THAT ALLOW INSECTICIDES. NOT ALL FORMULATIONS ALLOW FOR ADDING INSECTICIDE.

In 2017-18, many growers experimented with the additional overtreatment of acephate or in-furrow sprays and reported excellent results across the state. Most reported no need for additional foliar sprays when this option was chosen. It is very important to remember that there will always be adult thrips on cotton. This does not necessarily mean that a foliar insecticide is warranted. If cotton is growing well, and only adults are present, the majority of the time there is no need for additional treatment. Also, there are many “look-a-like” thrips symptoms commonly seen in cotton from sandblasting to residual herbicides. The presence of immatures is the key. When immatures are showing up, this means that seed treatments are beginning to break down and reproduction is taking place. Also, rarely is it ever economical to treat thrips past the fourth leaf stage. An important thing to remember is that the first few weeks after emergence is critical to set the crop up for the rest of the year.

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Angus Catchot, Extension Entomologist
By Angus Catchot, Extension Entomologist, Jeff Gore, Research and Extension Entomologist and Don Cook, Research Entomologist March 15, 2019 08:28
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