Written by: Aly Shinkle, Jason Bond, and Tom Eubank
Scientific name: Urochloa texana (Buckl.)
Synonyms: Texas panicum, buffalograss, Coloradograss
Texas millet is an annual grass that may grow semi-erect or close to the ground with ascending tips (decumbent growth habit). It is noted for its velvet-like, supple leaf blades and sheaths. Leaf blades are relatively wide, range from 3 to 11 inches in length, and are covered on top and bottom with short, soft hairs. The ligule is a short membrane fringed with thick hairs. A mature plant can reach to 2.5 feet tall and may root at the lowest nodes. The infloresence is a simple panicle that is 3 to 10 inches in length. Individual seeds are large compared with other summer annual grasses. Texas millet can easily be confused with large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) and broadleaf signalgrass (Urochloa platyphylla) during the seedling stage. Large crabgrass is distinguished from Texas millet by the ligule, which is a large, flat membrane. Whereas Texas millet is covered on leaf blades and sheaths with soft hairs, broadleaf signalgrass only exhibits hairs along the margins of leaf blades and sheaths.
Texas millet is native to the southern United States, specifically Texas, where it is a troublesome weed of pastures and row crops in some regions of the state. In Mississippi, it can be found in crop fields, pastures, roadsides, and untended areas. Texas millet is often difficult to control with chloroacetamide herbicides (Dual Magnum, Warrant). Best control options for include incorporated applications of dinitroaniline herbicides (Treflan, Prowl H2O).
Bryson, C.T. and M.S. DeFelice. 2009. Weeds of the South. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. pp. 423