Choosing Winter Wheat Varieties with Tolerance to Leaf and Stripe Rust

Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist
By Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist August 6, 2012 09:14

Choosing Winter Wheat Varieties with Tolerance to Leaf and Stripe Rust

Stripe rust of wheat.

Based on the 2012 season, and the overall amount of leaf and stripe rust that were observed in MS, we were able to rate 6 wheat variety trial locations for the presence of rusts.  Typically, leaf rust is encountered on an annual basis but doesn’t amount to much of an issue.  A small number of fields were treated with a fungicide for leaf rust during the 2012 season.  However, I suspect that the environment at those locations was more conducive for the development of the disease and this will not likely be an annual occurrence.  Keep in mind that the inoculum to initiate a rust infection (either leaf, stem, or stripe rust) must blow in from somewhere south of MS where the inoculum overwinters on alternate hosts.  Just because you had rust in a wheat field during 2012 does not mean that it will be back in 2012/2013 if you choose to plant a particular field to wheat.  In addition, stripe rust, the more aggressive wheat rust, was observed on more acres during 2012 than in the recent past.  Stripe rust can be an annual disease but more often than not the disease doesn’t threaten yield.  The environment during the 2012 season throughout much of the state was conducive for the development of stripe rust.  However, additional factors such as race of the fungus or susceptibility of the particular variety planted at a particular location can also result in increased disease incidence.

Wheat stem rust is a fairly uncommon disease in the MS wheat production area. However, if the correct environmental conditions occur the disease can be observed in isolated cases.

Regarding the ratings conducted, keep in mind that the 6 locations were geographically distinct within MS (Brooksville, Fitler, Minter City, Newton, Renova, Stoneville) and the reaction of a wheat variety at that particular location to disease or other variables (e.g. yield) may have differed.  The entire wheat variety trial booklet can be accessed at:

http://msucares.com/pubs/infobulletins/ib0469.pdf

Also, the races of leaf and/or stripe rust may differ by location so looking at the data across locations will allow you to make a more informed decision as to the overall tolerance of a particular variety to stripe rust (or leaf rust).  I have included the disease reaction information regarding the reaction of each of the 73 different varieties contained in the MS wheat variety trials from 2012.  Values in the table include the percentage of the flag leaf infected by either leaf or stripe rust.  Note that stem rust did occur, but was only observed at incredibly low levels on two varieties at a single location (stem rust infection was noted on the stem of the plants contained within the plots that were infected).

2012 wheat disease reactions

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist
By Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist August 6, 2012 09:14
Write a comment

No Comments

No Comments Yet!

Let me tell You a sad story ! There are no comments yet, but You can be first one to comment this article.

Write a comment
View comments

Write a comment

<

Subscribe to receive updates

More Info By