2020 MSU Corn Hybrid Trial Disease Evaluations – Non-Irrigated Locations

Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist
By Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist November 20, 2020 09:46

2020 MSU Corn Hybrid Trial Disease Evaluations – Non-Irrigated Locations

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Curvularia leaf spot produces lesions that are oftentimes misdiagnosed and confused with eyespot.

During 2020, corn hybrid trials were evaluated to determine the response of corn hybrids planted in our production system to the most commonly occurring foliar diseases.  Over the past several years, numerous questions have originated regarding the response of hybrids to foliar diseases such as Curuvularia leaf spot.  At present, little if any information exists regarding the impact of Curvularia leaf spot on yield or even whether or not management options should be considered.  Observationally, large visual differences in the incidence and severity of Curvularia leaf spot have been made on a small number of corn hybrids in Stoneville, but at no time have a large number of hybrids been evaluated for their response to something as widespread as Curvularia leaf spot in MS.

The foliar diseases present within each of the OHT locations (irrigated (n=4) and non-irrigated (n=6)) were evaluated at approximately dent (R5) during the 2020 season. The diseases present at each location were observed based on natural occurrence. Curvularia leaf spot and northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) were the two most prevalent diseases at all locations. In addition, southern corn leaf blight (SCLB), which is predominantly a lower canopy disease, was evaluated at several of the locations since I have had numerous questions regarding the increased incidence of this particular disease recently.

Disease evaluations were based on the presence of each of the diseases within the respective area of the canopy where the disease is most often observed and where the disease could be a concern with regards to yield reduction (ear leaf and above). Curvularia leaf spot and NCLB were evaluated based on their presence on the ear leaf and above.  SCLB was observed from the ear leaf and below. All evaluations were conducted using a 0-9 scale where 0=no disease present, 5=a moderate level of disease, and 9=leaves completely covered with the specific disease.

As some background regarding the irrigated and non-irrigated OHT locations.  Each specific irrigation regime generally contains a different number of hybrids.  All locations were planted as two row plots and replicated four times. The irrigated OHT contained 84 hybrids (with 15 experimental hybrids as indicated by an asterisk in each of the tables) while the non-irrigated locations contained 72 hybrids.

Non-irrigated MSU Corn OHT locations:

Aberdeen 2020 Aberdeen Non-irr

Brooksville 2020 Brooksville Non-irr

Olive Branch 2020 Olive Branch Non-irr

Raymond 2020 Raymond Non-irr

Stoneville (loam) 2020 Stoneville loam Non-irr

Verona 2020 Verona Non-irr

To see the response of hybrids at the irrigated MS locations visit: https://www.mississippi-crops.com/2020/11/16/2020-msu-corn-hybrid-trial-disease-evaluations-irrigated-locations/

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Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist
By Tom Allen, Extension Plant Pathologist November 20, 2020 09:46
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